The Ecuadorian highlands is characterized by being crossed by one of the most extensive mountain ranges in the world which is called the Andes mountain range, which crosses a large part of the continent from north to south, and which is composed of a large number of of volcanoes, many of which are active, including Cotopaxi, which is surrounded by the Andean páramo and a forest which was declared a National Park that offers us unique landscapes.
The climate of the Ecuadorian highlands in general is called “the eternal spring”, with average temperatures per year between 11.5 ° to 18 °. Its climatic conditions, a combination of mountainous forest and volcanic activity, produce peculiar plant formations that make it stand out due to its colorful vegetation.
The region is between 2000 to 4000 meters above sea level is the perfect habitat of many animals that some cases are unique to the Andean region. Among which are highlighted:
The Andean Condor: The condor is the largest bird of prey in the world. Despite its spread of black wings of more than 3 meters, dark body of 11 kilograms and clawed feet the size of a man’s arm-plus the fist-it is very difficult to find.
Hummingbird of the Chimborazo: Also called “Ecuadorian star”, is a small bird of the páramos above 3000 meters above sea level. It is the species of hummingbird that lives higher. They are famous for the colorful blue plumage of the male’s head.
Llama: The famous llama of the Andes is a kind of small, shaggy camel without a hump that has been used as a beast of burden by generations of inhabitants of the Andean mountain ranges. It has been domesticated for rural life and is usually grouped into herds of hundreds of individuals that graze together. His ears with curved.
Being an agricultural area with a strong presence of indigenous communities there are also farm animals that have been able to adapt to the conditions of the area and are the source of sustenance for many families.