humpback whale on the Ecuadorian coast

Humpback whales and the cloud forest of the Ecuadorian coast

The Ecuadorian coast is more than beaches, it keeps an ecosystem that will surprise you that it is little explored and there are still places where the flora and fauna have been preserved intact by the inhabitants of the area. The great diversity of the coastal zone occurs due to two important factors such as the tropical location and the oceanic currents that border the area. One of these currents is cold, that of Humboldt, while the current of the child is warm. The coast of Ecuador is around 2,500 km long, including the Galapagos, Puná and Jambelí islands.

It is an area with a large number of rivers that flow into the sea, so this has caused an ecosystem to originate around the rivers. From the Colombian border along the Mataje River to the south, on this coast there are many islands with mangroves and marshes, inlets and estuaries.

Nambillo Cloud Forest Reserve
Nambillo Cloud Forest Reserve

Also, this ecosystem has rivers that flow into the bay, plains, cliffs and sandy beaches. The biodiversity of the area is very extensive in the area because  there are about six thousand species of plants, you must also add the 142 species of native animals and the 253 kinds of reptiles and amphibians. As for the arid zones that are concentrated in about half of the Ecuadorian coast, there is the presence of low shrubs and Ceiba trees. This area contrasts with the northern part and the southern end where there is more vegetation and are close to the cloud forest that is home to toucans, hummingbirds and a few monkeys.

The marine life is very extensive due to the conditions of the Pacific Ocean, which has produced a great development of the fishing industry and also a wide gastronomy based on the marine products in its great majority. On the silver island you can see a show that is given every year that you can spot humpback whales and dolphins from mid-June to October.

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